Intelligent and curious, they love to interact with each other and also with humans. We look more like dolphins than we think ... for better and for worse. They are in fact the only wild species in the world in which a form of Alzheimer has been found, which is similar to the human one. A "natural" model that has raised the interest of scientists, opening a new line of research that helps to combat the disease even in humans.
They are funny to look at, mild and intelligent: that was what we knew about alpacas until 1989. That year, two students discovered by chance one important feature that has long remained unknown. This and other species belonging to camelid family have "miniature" antibodies: smaller than ours and those of most mammals, they can reach even the most difficult targets. Researchers at Boston Children 's Hospital used the so called “nanobodies” to make CAR-T cells better at solid tumors. The study has been published in the journal PNAS.
fight solid tumors
What if response to immunotherapy depends on the microbes inside the intestine? An unusual treatment involving stool transplantation from one patient to another could help those who do not respond to immunotherapy.
Tags: cancer immunotherapy drugs
Speaking of unusual cancer patients, the small one with spines could not be missing. African hedgehogs are increasingly becoming popular domestic pets in the western countries. Last year, for the first time, Italian researchers treated one of them with electro-chemotherapy, a revolutionary approach against cancer.
Tags: spiny patient